Parts for a Robot Called Fedor Created at the SUSU Laboratory of Mechanical Engineering


The Laboratory of Mechanical Engineering is part of the national research institute Experimental Mechanical Engineering of South Ural State University. The center was initially founded for teaching students as highly proficient future specialists with all the knowledge needed to create modern technologies, products, and services in the field of mechanical engineering. This allows SUSU graduates to be competitive in the international labor market. The second, no less important direction at the laboratory is the development of the innovative and scientific potential of the university. The Laboratory of Mechanical Engineering is headed by Pavel Samoylovskikh.

«There is an interactive class formed at our laboratory which is equipped with training emulators for distributed computing systems of computerized numerical control (CNC) from such firms as Siemens Sinumerik and Fanuc. These software-hardware complexes allow us to emulate CNC systems and study methods of numerical programming virtually. In addition, this interactive class is equipped with two small-scale lathes and milling processing centers with a CNC of Austrian make, where it is possible to try out methods for processing materials visually,» says the head of the laboratory, Pavel Samoylovskikh.

Students can see all the processes of materials processing on the emulators and stands, the differences in measurement and cutting instruments, and see all the processing methods visually. The main equipment complex solves issues of creating a wide spectrum of high-accuracy and high-tech prototypes for Russian mechanical engineering businesses. The Laboratory of Mechanical engineering works closely with postgraduate students, doctoral students, and different structural divisions to solve important science and research tasks.

«We work in cooperation with different laboratories such as the Laboratory of Experimental Mechanics and the Laboratory of the Physical Modeling of Thermomechanical Processes, making them various prototypes for testing. We offer services for creating new prototypes and evaluating the accuracy of existing ones, as well as other products. In addition, the Laboratory of Mechanical Engineering offers reverse-engineering services: the study of prototypes with the goal of understanding the principles of how it works and the creation of objects with analogous functions without direct copying. This is done with the goal of import phaseouts for industrial manufacturing products which are difficult to obtain,» says Pavel Samoylovskikh.

SUSU. Parts for a Robot Called Fedor Created at the SUSU Laboratory of Mechanical EngineeringSUSU. Parts for a Robot Called Fedor Created at the SUSU Laboratory of Mechanical Engineering

The main laboratory’s main partners and clients are large manufacturing businesses in the Chelyabinsk region and throughout Russia such as Molnia ChChZ, Turbina SKB, ChTZ-URALTRAK, Androidnaya Technika NPO, Biomorphniye Roboty KB, Metran PT, and many more. Clients give the staff various tasks.

«A few businesses require services of a technological character: writing management programs, choosing instruments, or optimization. Other businesses need to prepare parts for creating specific details for existing machines. For ChTZ-URALTRAK we are making engine cylinder pistons, for Turbina SKB we are making impeller wheels (wheels for a compressor) for gas-turbine equipment and turbocompressors,» says Pavel Evgenievich, offering examples, «For Androidnaya Technika NPO, we are creating parts for orthograde robots. For example, one of the results of our partnerships is various details needed for the robot Fedor, who was created for space flight. The staff of our laboratory took part in creating both parts for this robot and a set of targets that the robot shoots at.»

 SUSU. Parts for a Robot Called Fedor Created at the SUSU Laboratory of Mechanical Engineering

The modern equipment installed in the laboratory helps them complete these difficult tasks: a number of metal-cutting machines which include a variety of high-precision processing centers with computer numerical control of lathe, milling, and electrospark groups of Japanese and German manufacture and a number of control and measurement machines. The staff at the Laboratory of Mechanical Engineering includes students and post-graduate students as well as SUSU graduates, many of whom have been working since the laboratory’s founding.

«Our main advantage is that we take on any individual orders from primitive to the most difficult. Our only limitation is the dimensions of our tables, the machine tool, and the workspace of the machine tool. We don’t have the technical capabilities to do something very large, but we are not scared of geometric dimensions,» says the head of the Laboratory of Mechanical Engineering.

Prototypes created by the laboratory have a large range of use. Their creations are in-demand in the metallurgical and mechanical engineering fields and are used by researchers for academic research. The Laboratory of Mechanical Engineering helps university staff and post-graduate students in completing their research and writing scientific articles. The results of their work are published in leading Russian and international scientific journals.

SUSU. Parts for a Robot Called Fedor Created at the SUSU Laboratory of Mechanical Engineering

«The laboratory has the technical capabilities to process any materials: conductive materials of any hardness and chemical makeup, polymer materials. In terms of mechanical processing, we have the capabilities to process materials from carbon steel, stainless steel alloys, aluminum alloys, nonferrous materials. In addition, we process heat-proof and hard-to-cut allows. We have experience processing both silver and gold,» says Pavel Samoylovskikh.

One more area of work for the Laboratory of Mechanical Engineering is teaching outside specialists in the interactive classes. Mechanical engineering specialists in the Chelyabinsk region can take courses for professional training here. Any person, even those without experience or education in the technology of programming CNC systems can take courses which are held by highly qualified SUSU teachers.

SUSU. Parts for a Robot Called Fedor Created at the SUSU Laboratory of Mechanical EngineeringSUSU. Parts for a Robot Called Fedor Created at the SUSU Laboratory of Mechanical Engineering



Olga Romanovskaya, photo by Oleg Igoshin
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